Grammar FCE: Future 2
This seems so asic, but I really have to repas it, because there are a lot of rules and, in the end, I feel that I’m going to forget all!
1. GOING TO
It is often possible to use going to to express the future instead of the present continuous or will.
We use going to:
- For future actions which have already decided about.
- To predict something, when we already see evidence for our prediction.
2. PRESENT TENSES AFTER TIME CONJUNCTIONS
In clauses referring to future time and beginning with when, until, before, after, as soon as, we use:
- A present tense (for actions at the same time as the other verb): My partners will have already started the class, when I arrive.
- The present perfect (for actions completed before the other verb): We’re not going to paint our bedroom until we’ve sorted our house.
3. FUTURE IN THE PAST (was, were going to)
We use was/were going to:
- To talk about something which was planned but did not or will not happen
- To show that we don’t mind changing our plans
4. FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE AND FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
We use future perfect simple to say that an action will be complete before a point of time in the future. It is usual to mention the point in time.
We use the future perfect continuous to emphasize how long an action will have lasted at a point in the future. It is usually necessary to mention the point of time and the length of time.
5. TO BE ABOUT TO
We use to be about to to talk about something which is going to happen very soon and for which we are already preparing.
In the negative, to be about to often means “do not intend to” do something