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BLOW UP: Explotar (p.e. una bomba). Separable. // Hinchar (un neumático, un globo…). Separable. // Agrandar (p.e. una foto). Separable. // El comienzo de una tormenta. Intransitivo. // Perder las formas, enfadarse. Intransitivo.
We are blowing up ballons for the party.
BE AWAY: Estar fuera (p.e. de vacaciones). Intransitivo.
Mary was away two days with her boyfriend.
BE IN: Estar en casa o en el trabajo. Intransitivo. // Llegar, entregar. Intransitivo.
Althought I never call her, she always is in.
BE INTO: EStar metido, que le guste a uno, estar enganchado. Inseparable.
When I began I didn’t know nothing about computers, but now I’m really into.
BACK OUT OF: Suspender o anular un acuerdo. Inseparable. // Salir de la plaza de parking marcha atrás. Separable.
When all was arranged, she back out of the agreement.
BACK UP: Hacer un copia de los datos del ordenador. Separable. // Dar apoyo, soporte. Separable. // Ir marcha atrás.
She broke up with his boyfriend and I back her up.
This seems so asic, but I really have to repas it, because there are a lot of rules and, in the end, I feel that I’m going to forget all!
1. GOING TO
It is often possible to use going to to express the future instead of the present continuous or will.
We use going to:
- For future actions which have already decided about.
- To predict something, when we already see evidence for our prediction.
2. PRESENT TENSES AFTER TIME CONJUNCTIONS
In clauses referring to future time and beginning with when, until, before, after, as soon as, we use:
- A present tense (for actions at the same time as the other verb): My partners will have already started the class, when I arrive.
- The present perfect (for actions completed before the other verb): We’re not going to paint our bedroom until we’ve sorted our house.
3. FUTURE IN THE PAST (was, were going to)
We use was/were going to:
- To talk about something which was planned but did not or will not happen
- To show that we don’t mind changing our plans
4. FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE AND FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
We use future perfect simple to say that an action will be complete before a point of time in the future. It is usual to mention the point in time.
We use the future perfect continuous to emphasize how long an action will have lasted at a point in the future. It is usually necessary to mention the point of time and the length of time.
5. TO BE ABOUT TO
We use to be about to to talk about something which is going to happen very soon and for which we are already preparing.
In the negative, to be about to often means “do not intend to” do something
I’ve a little troubles with the diferent kinds of futures, so I leave a little resume about it.
1. PRESENT SIMPLE
We use the present simple for scheduled events with a future meanings.
- for timetables (planes, buses, ets. leaving and arriving): My train leaves Madrid on Monday at 11.30.
- for programmes (when a conerence, a course, a footbal match, a film, etc): The new film starts at 22.
- for people if their plans are fixed by a timetable.
2. PRESENT CONTINUOS
We use the pesent continuous.
- for plans which have already arranged.
+ will + verb
– will not + verb –> won’t+verb
? will… + verb?
In formal English, shall is occasionally used with I/we instead of will.
We use will:
- for decisions made at the moment of speaking.
- for anything which is uncertain, especially with proably, maybe, I think, I expect and I hope.
- for situation that we predict will happen but which are not definitely decided or arranged.
- for something in the future which doesn’t depend on a decision by the speaker,
4. FUTURE CONTINUOUS
- We use the future continuous for an event which is going on at a particular time or over a period of time in the future.
MAKE UP: Inventar una historia.(Separable, el objeto puede ir en medio o después)
I didn’t want to play hockey, so I made up a story about twisting my ankle.
MAKE UP FOR: Compensar por. (Inseparable)
She didn’t visit me when I was in hospital, but she made up for it by buying me some chocolates.
MAKE FOR: Dirigirse en cierta dirección (Inseparable)
Rachel didn’t know which ward her brother was on, so she made for the information desk
MAKE INTO: Utilitzar algo con un fin distinto al que tenía originalmente. (Inseparable)
The old operating theathrer are no longer used, so the hospital has made the into accomodation for nursing staff.
MAKE OUT: Poder ver o escuchar algo (Separable opcional)
The nurse speak so softy that I couldn’t make out what she was saying about my medicine.
1. Present simple
We use present simple for scheduled events with a future meaning:
- For timetables (planes, buses, etc. leaving and arriving)
- For programmes (whena conference, a course, a footall match, a film etc. begins and ends)
- The people if their plans are fixed by a timetable.
2. Present continuos
- For plans which have already been arranged.
- For decisions made at the moment of speaking.
- For anything which is uncertain, especially with probably, maybe, I think, I expect and I hope.
- For situation that predict will happen but which are not definitely decided or arranged.
- For something in the future which doesn’t depend on a decision by the speaker.
4. Future continuos
- We use future continuos for an even which is going on at a particular time or over a period of time in the future.
I used to work at weekends: Yo solía trabajar los fines de semana, pero ahora ya no.
I‘m used to work at weekends: Suelo trabajar los fines de semana (AHORA trabajo los fines de semana)
I get used to awake early: Estoy acostumbrada a levantarme temprano
I’m getting used to awake early: Me estoy acostumbrando a levantarme temprano (aun no estoy acostumbrada)
Get used to y be get used to se puede conjugar en cualquier tiempo (past, past perfecte, future…)